On December 10, the International Human Rights Day is celebrated, in commemoration of the adoption, by the General Assembly of the United Nations, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in Paris on December 10, 1948. In Argentina we also celebrate the day of the restoration of democracy after one of the darkest stages in our history.
Since the recovery of democracy, Argentina has incorporated the promotion and protection of Human Rights as a fundamental axis of its foreign policy, a reflection of a consolidated state policy. The promotion and protection of human rights is transversal to all public policies and includes the main concerns of Argentine society.
The leadership of our country at the regional and international level is reflected in numerous initiatives, with transcendental contributions to the progressive development of international human rights law and international humanitarian law, such as the Right to the Truth, the protection of people against enforced disappearances, the use of forensic genetics for cases of human rights violations, the expansion of the rights of different groups in vulnerable situations, the protection of the rights of refugees and migrants, the prevention of genocide and other massive atrocities, the protection of schools and educational establishments during armed conflicts and the enforcement of economic, social and cultural rights, among other issues.
This extensive human rights agenda has been possible thanks to the process of eradicating impunity for crimes against humanity perpetrated during State terrorism, which has given our country renewed legitimacy and leadership, positioning it at the forefront of important initiatives.
Argentina is a member of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations Organization and works through its organs and procedures with the objective of achieving more just, inclusive, diverse societies with full enjoyment of human rights. Argentina has recently submitted a candidacy to renew its mandate for the period 2022-2024.
At the regional level, our country supports the Inter-American Human Rights System, which has played a key role for victims of State terrorism and their families in the search for justice. Argentina considers the Inter-American Human Rights System as an early warning mechanism that serves within the State to make institutional improvements, as well as legislative and jurisprudential developments, favoring the friendly settlement mechanism as a preferential tool for the resolution of cases and petitions.
Argentina's human rights agenda in all the forums where it participates includes the fight against all types of discrimination through the promotion and protection of the human rights of people and groups in situations of vulnerability and / or historically discriminated against, such as boys and girls, LGBTIQ people, people of African descent, indigenous peoples, older people, people with disabilities, migrants and refugees, among others. Likewise, social inclusion policies focused on respecting economic, social and cultural rights have a prominent place in the agenda.
The creation of the Ministry of Women, Gender and Diversities in December 2019 shows the commitment of our country to advance on pending issues on the agenda of equality and equity between genders, through the expansion of rights for women and LGTBI people, and the mainstreaming of the gender perspective in the design and implementation of national public policies.
In terms of the recognition of the human rights of women, genders and diversities, our country has experienced great progress. In terms of legislation we can highlight: the humanized birth law (2004), the surgical contraception law (2006), the comprehensive sexual education law (2006), the comprehensive protection law to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women (2009), the law of equal marriage (2010), the law of gender identity (2012), the law of gender parity in areas of political representation (2017) and the Micaela law (2018).
All these initiatives and actions reaffirm our country's commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights, in order to achieve more egalitarian, just, inclusive and diverse societies.